Turkish Journal of Surgery

Turkish Journal of Surgery

ISSN: 2564-6850
e-ISSN: 2564-7032


Hamid Reza Khorshidi1, Parviz Majidi1, Azar Pirdehghan2

1Department of General Surgery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran


Objective: The study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effect of gastrografin for the conservative treatment of patients with adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) and to identify the predictors of failure of conservative treatment in these patients.

Material and Methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 52 patients with the diagnosis of ASBO in 2016. 100 mL of Gastrografin and 100 mL of 0.9% saline solution were gavaged through the nasogastric tube in the case (n= 26) and control (n= 26) groups, respectively. Patients in the case group were subjected to plain abdominal X-Rays at 12, 24 and 48 hours after administration of gastrografin.

Results: Fifty-two patients with a mean age of 57.6 ± 11.4 years (range 37-81), including 34 (65.4%) males were enrolled into the study. The number of patients who were successfully conservatively treated in the case group was 21 (80.8%), which was significantly higher than 13 (50%) in the control group (p= 0.04). Among these patients, mean hospital stay in the case group was 37.2 ± 5.5 hours (range 28-46), which was significantly shorter than 45.8 ± 9.2 hours (range 36-61) in the control group (p= 0.004). In multivariate analysis, more than one previous laparotomy was the only predictor of failure of conservative treatment (p< 0.001).

Conclusion: Gastrografin may be associated with improvement of patients with ASBO. Lower number of previous laparotomies may be a predictor of successful conservative treatment of these patients.

Keywords: Gastrografin, adhesive small bowel obstruction, predictors

Cite this article as: Khorshidi HR, Majidi P, Pirdehghan A. Therapeutic effect of gastrografin and predictors of operative intervention in patients with adhesive small bowel obstruction: A randomized controlled study. Turk J Surg 2019; 35 (2): 131-135


Ethics Committee Approval

Ethics committee approval was received for this study from the Ethics Committee of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences.

Peer Review

Externally peer-reviewed.

Author Contributions

Consept - H.R.K., P.M.; Design - H.R.K., P.M., A.P.; Supervision - H.R.K.; Materials - P.M.; Data Collection and/or Processing - P.M., A.P.; Analysis and Interpretation - H.R.K., P.M.; Literature Search - P.M., A.P.; Writing Manuscript - P.M., A.P.; Critical Reviews - H.R.K.

Conflict of Interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Financial Disclosure

The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.