Turkish Journal of Surgery

Turkish Journal of Surgery

ISSN: 2564-6850
e-ISSN: 2564-7032

 

Candaş Erçetin1, Alper Şahbaz2, Sami Acar3, Fırat Tutal4, Nihat Aksakal5, Serkan Sarı6, Yeşim Erbil7

1Department of General Surgery, Health Sciences University, Bağcılar Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
2Department of General Surgery, Health Sciences University, Bakırköy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
3Department of General Surgery, Acıbadem Taksim Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
4Department of General Surgery, Kolan International Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
5Department of General Surgery, İstanbul University Istanbul School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
6Department of General Surgery, Health Sciences University, İstanbul Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
7Department of General Surgery, İstanbul University İstanbul School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Keywords: Thyroidectomy, nerve injury, nerve monitoring

Abstract

Objective: Parathyroid glands and recurrent laryngeal nerves (RLN) are at risk during thyroid surgery. Identification of the nerves however, reduced these risks. Intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) during thyroid surgery has gained widespread acceptance as an aide to the gold standard of visually identifying the RLN. Hereby, we aimed to evaluate the effect of the identification of RLN during thyroidectomy by using IONM with this prospective study.
Material and Methods: Seven hundred forty eight patients were included in our prospectively designed study. Of these 748 patients, 1496 nerves at risk were studied. Group 1 consisted of 736 nerves which were identified using IONM, whereas Group 2 consisted of 760 visually identified nerves.
Results: In the non-IONM group; the rate of temporary nerve palsy was lower in patients, who were operated by experienced surgeons, than in patients, who were operated by residents (p=0.001). In the IONM group, RLN injury rates were similar between experienced surgeons and residents.
Conclusion: In spite of the fact that the duration of the operation was lower with IONM, the abbreviated duration may not appear to have clinical significance. The main advantage is for less experienced surgeons. IONM significantly decreases RLN palsy rates of surgeons with limited experience in thyroid surgery.

Cite this paper as: Erçetin C, Şahbaz A, Acar S, Tutal F, Aksakal N, Sarı S, et al. Intraoperative nerve monitoring is useful for surgical training in thyroid surgery. Turk J Surg 2018; 10.5152/turkjsurg.2018.4281.

Ethics Committee Approval

Ethics committee approval was received for this study from the institutional Ethics Committee of İstanbul University, İstanbul Medical Faculty.

Peer Review

Externally peer-reviewed.

Author Contributions

Concept - C.E., Y.E.; Design - C.E., Y.E., N.A.; Supervision - A.Ş., S.A., S.S.; Resource - C.E., F.T., S.A.; Materials - C.E., N.A., S.A.; Data Collection and/or Processing - C.E., N.A., S.S.; Analysis and/or Interpretation - C.E., A.Ş., Y.E.; Literature Search - S.A., F.T., A.Ş.; Writing Manuscript - C.E., A.Ş., Y.E.; Critical Reviews - F.T., N.A., S.S.

Conflict of Interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Financial Disclosure

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.