Could local antibiotics be included in the treatment of acute anal fissure?
Department of General Surgery, Kanuni Training and Research Hospital, Trabzon, Turkey
Objective: Acute anal fissure is a very common disorder of the anorectal region. Its most widely used treatment method is the medications given in addition to conservative therapies. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of local metronidazole use in the treatment of acute anal fissure on the symptoms and remission processes of the patients.
Material and Methods: This was a prospective, randomized, controlled clinical study conducted on 100 consecutive patients who presented to our clinic between March 2016 and March 2017 and who were diagnosed with acute anal fissure. Patients were randomly divided into two groups of 50 persons. Patients in Group 1 were given only 5% lidocaine pomade as a local anesthesia, and those in Group 2 were given 5% lidocaine pomade and metronidazole cream. Patients applied the medications topically to the anal margin 3 times per day for 4 weeks. Patients’ demographic characteristics, such as age and gender, were recorded. All patients were invited for check-up at the end of weeks 1, 2, and 4 of treatment. The Visual Analogue Scale scores for pain and the healing status of their fissure by visual inspection, as well as any adverse effects of the drugs, were recorded. The results were compared statistically. A p-value <0.05 was considered significant.
Results: The mean ages of the patients were 34.2±4.1 years in Group 1 and 36.6±3.8 years in Group 2. As a result of the statistical comparison of the Visual Analogue Scale scores, there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups at the end of weeks 2 and 4 (p=0.004 and p<0.001, respectively). In Group 1, 28 (56%) patients recovered, but no recovery was observed in 22 (44%) patients. In Group 2, 43 (86%) patients recovered, whereas 7 (14%) patients had no recovery (p=0.004).
Conclusion: The topical antimicrobial treatment with metronidazole as an addition to the classical medical treatments in acute anal fissure is an effective and safe practice resulting in further reduction in pain and increased healing rate.
Keywords: Acute anal fissure, antibacterial agents, metronidazole, therapeutics
Cite this paper as: Karapolat B. Could local antibiotics be included in the treatment of acute anal fissure?. Turk J Surg 2018; 34(4): 286-289.
Ethics committee approval was received for this study from the ethics committee of Kanuni Training and Research Hospital.
Written informed consent was obtained from patient who participated in this study.
The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.
The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.