Spontaneous perforation of pyometra: A rare cause of acute abdomen and sepsis
1Clinic of General Surgery, Health Science University Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
2Clinic of Radiology, Health Science University Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
3Clinic of Pathology, Health Science University Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Pyometra, the accumulation of purulent material in the uterine cavity, is a rare gynecological condition whose etiology is impaired drainage of the uterine cavity. It is uncommon in premenopausal age and occurs mainly in older and postmenopausal women. Clinical signs of pyometra are vaginal discharge, postmenopausal bleeding, and lower abdominal pain. An 87-year-old woman was admitted to our emergency department with abdominal pain, fever, and vomiting. The results of physical examination revealed rebound tenderness and muscular rigidity in the lower abdomen. Ultrasonography demonstrated free fluid in the abdomen, and percutaneous aspiration revealed that this fluid was purulent. A computed tomography scan showed a large amount of free fluid in the abdominal cavity and a uterine myoma. The patient underwent emergency laparotomy due to acute abdomen. During the laparotomy, a 2x1 cm perforation was seen at the fundus of the uterus. The patient underwent total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. A culture of the pus grew Escherichia coli. Histopathological examination revealed degenerative uterine myoma with no evidence of malignancy. Pathological results indicated myometrial suppurative inflammation along with neutrophilia and necrosis. Pyometra is a rare event; however, it must be considered when investigating acute abdomen etiology. Because pyometra involves abscess formation, drainage and evacuation of the uterine cavity while leaving a drain in the cavity and dilating the cervical canal is the main treatment protocol. In cases of perforation, hysterectomy is the treatment choice; however, with concomitant diseases in older patients, immediate surgery is related to important morbidity and mortality risks.
Keywords: Acute abdomen, pyometra, sepsis, uterine perforation
This study presented at the 20th National Surgical Congress, 13-17 April 2016, Antalya, Turkey.
Cite this paper as: Balas Ş, Yılmaz KB, Akçalar Yıldırım S, Açıkgöz B, Güneş Tatar İ, Bayar B, et al. Spontaneous perforation of pyometra: A rare cause of acute abdomen and sepsis. Turk J Surg 2018; 34(4): 342-345.
Written informed consent was obtained from patient who participated in this study.
Concept - Ş.B., K.B.Y., M.A.; Design - O.K., İ.G.T., Ş.B.; Supervision - B.B., O.K., B.A.; Resource - B.B., İ.G.T., B.A.; Materials - K.B.Y., Ş.B., M.A.; Data Collection and/or Processing - B.B., S.A.Y., İ.G.T., B.A.; Analysis and/or Interpretation - Ş.B., O.K., M.A.; Literature Search -K.B.Y., B.B., Ş.B., S.A.Y.; Writing Manuscript - Ş.B., K.B.Y., M.A.; Critical Reviews - O.K., İ.G.T., S.A.Y.
The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.
The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.