A retrospective analysis of 93 cases with anorectal abscess in a rural state hospital
Nezih Akkapulu, Özcan Dere, Gökhan Zaim, Hatice Ebru Ayvazoğlu Soy, Tolga Özmen, Ahmet Bülent Doğrul
Clinic of General Surgery, Muş State Hospital, Muş, Turkey
Objective: Anorectal abscess is a clinical condition frequently encountered in daily surgical practice and recurrences may occur despite treatment with adequate incision and drainage. The primary aim of this study was to analyze the variables that may have resulted in recurrent anorectal abscess, retrospectively.
Material and Methods: Ninety-three patients out of 149 patients who underwent surgery for anorectal abscess at our center between 2011-2012 were included in this study. Data regarding age, gender, presence of recurrence, time to recurrence, abscess type, presence of fistula, fistula type, drain usage, length of hospital stay and follow-up duration were retrospectively recorded.
Results: Patients were divided into two groups: the recurrence group and the treatment group. Eleven patients (11.8%) had a recurrence and the median time to recurrence was 3 months. None of the variables evaluated were found to be significantly associated with the presence of recurrence.
Conclusion: Variables such as age, gender, type of abscess, presence of fistula or drain usage were not associated with the development of recurrence in patients who underwent incision and drainage of an anorectal abscess.
Keywords: Perianal glands, abscess, recurrence
Since it is a retrospective study, we did not apply for ethical committee approval and obtained our data from patients’ files.
Written informed consent was obtained from patients who participated in this study.
Concept - N.A.; Design - N.A., Ö.D., G.Z.; Supervision - A.B.D., H.E.A.S., T.Ö.; Funding - N.A., Ö.D., G.Z., H.E.A.S., T.Ö., A.B.D.; Materials - N.A., Ö.D., G.Z., H.E.A.S., T.Ö., A.B.D.; Data Collection and/or Processing - N.A., Ö.D.; Analysis and/or Interpretation - N.A., Ö.D.; Literature Review - N.A., Ö.D.; Writer - N.A., Ö.D.; Critical Review - A.B.D., G.Z., H.E.A.S., T.Ö., Ö.D.
No conflict of interest was declared by the authors.
The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.