Turkish Journal of Surgery

Turkish Journal of Surgery

ISSN: 2564-6850
e-ISSN: 2564-7032

 

Mustafa Hasbahçeci1, Cengiz Erol2, Mustafa Törü3, Mehmet Şeker4

1Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Bezmialem Vakıf University, İstanbul, Turkey
2Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul Medipol University, İstanbul, Turkey
3Department of Radiology, 29 Mayıs Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
4Department of Radiology, 29 Mayıs Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Abstract

Objective: The accuracy of a surgeon’s judgement still remains to be controversial in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis, which is a diagnosis usually based on laboratory data and imaging tests.
Material and Methods: Patients with a possible diagnosis of acute appendicitis were reviewed retrospectively with regard to demographic variables, laboratory and imaging results, and treatment modalities.
Results: There were 128 patients with a mean age of 31.2±14 years. The mean white blood cell count and the proportion of polymorphonuclear leukocytes were 11403±4669/mm3 and 75±11%, respectively. Appendectomy was performed on 66 (51.6%) patients. Conservative management was applied to 62 (48.4%) patients. Statistical analysis showed that patients with appendicitis have a higher white blood cell count (p=0.015) and a higher proportion of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (p=0.023). Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy rates were 84.6%, 63.7% and 74.3% for ultrasound and 100%, 86.7% and 92.2% for computed tomography, respectively.
Conclusion: Diagnosis based on patients’ laboratory and imaging data, in combination with, the surgeon’s judgement appears to yield the best outcomes in patients with suspicion of acute appendicitis.

Keywords: Acute appendicitis, diagnosis, ultrasound, tomography, appendectomy


 

Ethics Committee Approval

Ethics committee approval was received for this study from the Institutional Review Board of Ethical Committee, Istanbul 29 Mayıs Hospital.

Peer Review

Externally peer-reviewed.

Author Contributions

Concept - M.H.; Design - M.H., C.E.; Supervision - M.Ş.; Funding - M.H., C.E., M.T., M.Ş.; Materials - M.H., C.E., M.T., M.Ş.; Data Collection and/or Processing - M.H.; Analysis and/or Interpretation - M.H., C.E., M.T., M.Ş.; Literature Review - M.H.; Writer - M.H., C.E.; Critical Review - M.T., M.Ş.

Conflict of Interest

No conflict of interest was declared by the authors.

Financial Disclosure

The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.